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What Are The Side Effects Of Hyperacidity?

Hyperacidity is a very common gastrointestinal ailment reported by men and women of all age groups, wherein the stomach produces vast amounts of acids primarily composed of hydrochloric acid. Also referred to as acid dyspepsia, high stomach acid levels invariably trigger pain in the abdomen along with bloating, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, and several other gut issues.

Hyperacidity

In a normal, healthy individual, the stomach's lining synthesises and secretes hydrochloric acid to aid in the digestion of food. This key bodily function is regulated by endocrine hormones and the nervous system. However, at times, owing to poor lifestyle, underlying ailments, or intake of specific medications, the tissues of the stomach lining make large volumes of hydrochloric acid, which presents as hyperacidity/acid dyspepsia.

Causes Of Hyperacidity:

A spectrum of factors gives rise to hyperacidity, including:

● Consuming junk, sugary, salty, spicy foods often and untimely meals

● Fasting for a prolonged duration

● Lack of sleep and rest for the body

● Mental stress, tension, anxiety

● Sedentary habits with no regular physical exercise

● Smoking

● Excess intake of alcohol

● Pregnancy

● Chronic disorders like obesity, diabetes, hypertension

● Information of certain types of prescription medicines

● Bacterial infection in the stomach, such as issues induced by the bacteria Helicobacter pylori

● Tumours in the gut that block the passages in the stomach and intestines

● Kidney problems

Symptoms Of Hyperacidity:

The characteristic signs accompanying hyperacidity consist of:

● Heartburn

● Loss of appetite

● Nausea and vomiting

● Mild discomfort in the chest

● Abdominal pain

● Diarrhoea

● Bloating and flatulence

● Irritation in the throat

● Frequent episodes of belching and burping

Side Effects Of Hyperacidity:

The causes of hyperacidity must be identified, and appropriate remedial measures must be followed to treat the signs of hyperacidity. If the instance of acid dyspepsia occurs frequently and becomes quite severe, it results in a host of gut-related illnesses and side effects, such as:

GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease):

GERD is an extensively experienced side effect of hyperacidity. Known as gastroesophageal reflux disease, it is a condition wherein the surplus acid secretions traverse back in the reverse direction into the esophagus, i.e. food pipe. If food particles are combined with acidic fluids, then these get lodged in the esophagus, blocking the tubular pathways and posing difficulties in swallowing. Moreover, GERD also increases the risk of esophagitis – inflammation of the esophagus and Barrett's esophagus  - that triggers abnormal modifications in the cells and tissues of the esophagus, both of which considerably raise the risk of cancer.

Peptic Ulcers:

Peptic ulcers refer to sores formed on the tissues of the esophagus, stomach or intestines, which are known as esophageal ulcers, gastric ulcers and duodenal ulcers, respectively. Apart from damaging the tissues lining the gut, peptic ulcers instigate constant aching in the abdomen and heartburn, which lowers appetite, resulting in weight loss, fatigue and passing excessive amounts of gas from the system.

Bleeding In The Gastric Tract:

Owing to infection, inflammation, lifestyle factors, medications or underlying health anomalies that prompt hyperacidity, the tissues in the digestive system face damage that leads to bleeding. This induces intense pain, discomfort, and bleeding in the stomach, esophagus, intestines, and lower gastrointestinal parts of the rectum and anus.

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